Chimneys – The Basics

Chimneys – The Basics

Not only do chimneys add an aesthetical element to any home, but it also is a great resource of warmth and cosiness throughout the winter season. But what if you’re not familiar with a chimneys’ calming ways, you might be a bit lost as to how a chimney works or the story behind them.

Architects Wigan understand that a chimney can be a bit of a confusing subject when it comes to installing one into your home, but in this blog, we will be talking about everything chimney related. So, sit back, grab a drink and let’s discover the greatness that is chimneys together.

Why Chimneys?

The history behind a chimney is potentially elusive, especially if you’re not particularly interested in history. The chimney dates back to the Tudor times, where the wealthy would install them into their homes to avoid being smoked out in their homes.

Even though they were used from that point, it took a long time for them to figure out that clay and wattle made it susceptible to fires. Obviously, back then this could be more fatal than what it typically tends to be today (although let’s admit, fire isn’t particularly safe, no matter the era). By 1710, chimneys in the UK were then ordered to be built in brick. Much safer!

How Do They Work?

There is a lot of physics and technical jargon that comes with the working of a chimney. The act of air and smoke moving up a chimney is known as the draft. Draft happens because the hot gases are a lot less dense than colder gases.

A dirty, roughly lined, tall chimney with possible air leaks could potentially be less effective than a well-designed and shorter chimney. Be sure to contact your local architects Wigan for advice on chimney design.

 Different Materials

Chimneys are typically available in a variety of materials, including the likes of concrete, pumice, stainless steel, ceramic and plastic. All these different materials are used for different types of chimneys and chimney uses, all used in different ways and in different places.

Pumice, clay and ceramic tend to be reserved for new builds as they do require foundations before installations. Other materials don’t require this type of planning.


Is your chimney starting to act up? This could be due to a fault with the flue or the chimney itself. If smoke is pouring back into the room, it may be a signifier of a blockage within the flue. If that is the case, you will have to get your chimney swept.

Another issue could be that your fire is fighting for oxygen, meaning that it pulls the remaining oxygen in the chimney for fuel, meaning big puffs of smoke will be blown out into your room. Architects Wigan suggest adding a vent behind the chimney to avoid this issue.

Contact Your Architects Wigan Team Today

If you’re not sure whether a chimney is for you, contact us here at Fairtech Contracting today. We have our team ready and waiting to answer your questions and queries about any possible renovation or extension questions, including chimney renovation and installation.

Call us today on 0151 321 1986 for further information and advice on chimney installation into your new build or renovations.